Multiple Intelligences: Logical/Mathematical

Logical-Mathematical Intelligence is the capacity to reason, calculate, recognize patterns and handle logical thinking. (Willy Walnut)

What is a Logical/Mathematical Learner?

Logical/mathematical learners (LML) are very good at reason and numbers. Their brains work almost like computers making numerical patterns out of almost any information. Think of “Charlie Epps” on Numb3rs, he was a logical thinker and helped the FBI solve cases by using mathematical skills.

A logical/mathematical learner is one who enjoys counting, math games, computers, and experimenting, as long as the experiments are logical. A LML tends to be extremely organized, precise, and orderly in their habits. These students are good at problem solving, abstract thinking, and recognizing patterns. (Willy Walnut)

A logical learner is a natural at categorizing, classifying, and abstract patterns and relationships. They are both inductive and deductive thinkers, and providing puzzles, experiments, numbers and situations to explore will help them learn well. (Glencoe)

Logical/mathematical learners are often musical as well. Teaching and learning music has a lot to do with mathematics. A person needs to learn the beats, the scales, the notes, and most of all the rhythm to properly play, or teach, music.

How do I teach my LML?

Organization is key for logical/mathematical learners. A place for everything and everything in its place rules here. A LML needs to have this organization to learn at his or her full potential. If left alone to organize for themselves they will get the job done, as long as they have the tools necessary to do so. Using brainteasers to warm up the brain before lessons also helps get the ball rolling. Teaching your logical/mathematical thinker can be easy if you have the right tools. 

Deductive thinking, like Sherlock Holmes and other great detectives in literature is a great tool to use, as is sequential, step-by-step problem solving. Computers, spreadsheets, graphs, charts, and calculations are all great tools for teaching a LML. Chess, battleship, tangrams, and giving assignments that require plotting are also great learning tools for the logical mind. To learn about birds, your child could use plotting to keep track of how many types of birds visit a bird feeder in a given number of hours with a certain food. They can then switch the food, or feeder and observe for new results. After your child has enough data to satisfy his personal requirement, he can graph the information gathered. 

Logical/mathematical learners solve problems with creative solutions and have no problem with experimenting.

A timeline of ancient history with dates and facts will help more than reading (or listening to) facts in a book. Science is best learned by practical experiments and problem solving, using inductive and deductive skills. Analyzing the statistics and results will further help your child to remember what they are learning.

While studying English, expect a lot of questions. These logical thinkers will often learn the rules of grammar by their own inductive thinking process. Having your child predict what will, or did, happen next using reasoning is a great learning tool as well. Children who are involved are more engaged than children who are listening to a lecture. Math is best taught with computational games and problems. Try exercising their brains by providing more advanced problems for them to solve.

What Will My Logical/mathematical Learner grow up to be?

Many Logical/mathematical learners become scientists, computer programmers, researchers, or accountants. A few grow into mathematicians, and attorneys. Some famous logical/mathematical thinkers are Albert Einstein, Bill Gates, and Sir Isaac Newton. These learners became successful because they were given the tools needed to learn, and left on their own to explore their world. Bill Gates also had the extreme fortune to be in the right place at the right time. Your son or daughter could be next!

Further Reading:
Intelligence Reframed: Multiple Intelligences for the 21st Century
You're Smarter Than You Think: A Kid's Guide to Multiple Intelligences

In Their Own Way: Discovering and Encouraging Your Child's Multiple Intelligences
Five Minds for the Future
Life of Fred - Fractions

Gilam, Lynn (2001). The Theory of Multiple Intelligences.
Indiana University
Glencoe Online. (2003) Education Up Close.
Willy Walnut (2004) Logical-mathematical Intelligence

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